Monday, September 1, 2014

What does Labor Day mean to You? #laborday

For those who have the holiday off – enjoy the time away from work with your family, BBQ, and relax. Me? I'm working the graveyard shift at the 911 call center. Some jobs require that selfless devotion to help others, so those with family members who are 1st responders and in the military on duty this Labor Day, thank you for your service.

What does Labor Day mean to me? For a long time I thought it was an American holiday to celebrate the end of the summer season. It was the time to get ready for school and prepare for autumn. When I was younger, the adults in my life told me it was to celebrate the 'worker.' But what did that mean to be a 'worker?' And how do unions fit into Labor Day? Are unions just an entity that stuffs its pockets with fat contracts the government/employer can't afford, or do they secure the worker with fundamental rights regarding an 8 hours work day, overtime, and benefits?

"A truly American sentiment recognizes the dignity of labor and the fact that honor lies in honest toil." – Grover Cleveland.

Grover Cleveland was president in 1894, and it was he who signed the bill that made Labor Day a national holiday. Previous to his signing, 30 states recognized Labor Day as a state holiday. (In 1894 there were 44 states) 

When Cleveland signed the bill, the intent was to recognize the social and economic achievements of workers. The holiday was to be celebrated on the 1st Monday of Sept (instead of in May) because Cleveland was concerned that if Labor Day was in May, it would be associated with the Communist Labor celebration usually held on 1 May. (International worker's day in Europe)

Originally, Labor Day was to be celebrated by local town/city street parades to exhibit to the public the strength and espirt de corps of the trade and labor organizers. After the parade there would be festivals for the people to enjoy. 120 years later, the parades are fewer, the festivals less. Now we travel, we BBQ, we relax. We rarely go to an organized parade or a festival in honor of the worker. The true meaning of Labor Day is lost on many Americans today.

Grover Cleveland was the 1st Democrat elected after the Civil War in 1885. (The Civil War ended in April 1865.) He was known as a hard worker, honest, and fiscally responsible. He signed the bill making Labor Day a national holiday 6 days after the Pullman strike ended. The Pullman strike resonated nationwide in the summer of 1894. The Pullman company made railroad cars. In 1894, the company reduced workers wages, but not their rents if they lived in the community that supported the Pullman workers. The workers went on strike. Railroads stopped running west of Detroit, Michigan, because they wouldn't use a "Pullman" car. It got ugly when Cleveland sent in the military to end the strike. 30 workers dies, 57 were injured, and there was 80 millions dollars in property damage.

While Labor Day was a culmination of trade and workers' efforts over the years, (the earliest state labor days were celebrated in the early 1880's) it's ironic the national holiday was birthed in the aftermath of such a destructive labor strike.

Historians don’t rate Cleveland as a great president. They don't rate him on the bottom either. His legacy is mixed. He restored and strengthen power to the executive branch and brought and energy to the office not seen previously. However, Cleveland never offered a clear vision for America's future. His small town attributes that made him popular with the people; honesty, hard work, and independence. However, his small town thinking hindered his ability to truly lead as American grew in prominence on the world stage in the 1890's.

Question for all:  What does Labor Day mean for you?


  1. What labor day means to me is I am grateful for all the employed Americans who chose working honest jobs to support our country and keep it growing. Thank you working Americans.

  2. What labor day means to me is that the working people have jobs with a livable wage in order to support themselves and their families. This would not have happened without the unions in spite of their drawbacks, and there are many.

  3. Labor Day is a time to celebrate all the workers. I miss all the parades and celebrations around hard work. Those who put their jobs first are amazing people.

  4. Labor Day, to me, is a celebration of the American Worker. Remember those great commercials back in the 1970s, "Look for the Union Label"? They made it seem patriotic to buy American, and specifically to support products made with union labor. A lot of the things we take for granted today, from the 8-hour workday and overtime pay, sick leave, safety regulations, child labor laws, and on and on, came about through the tireless and fearless work of union workers, many of whom gave their lives. I think about the great romance between Albert and Lucy Parsons- a Confederate veteran and a black woman -who joined their voices to the chorus for workers' rights, and who were separated when Albert was railroaded and hanged for a riot that he wasn't even present for (which grew out of a demonstration against police brutality at one of America's first Mayday labor events.) I think about Barney Graham, leader of the local United Mine Workers at Fentress County, TN, during the coal strikes of the early 1930s, who was murdered by strikebreaking thugs- inspiring a ballad by Pete Seeger, and inspiring Graham's friend and co-struggler Myles Horton to establish a special school for organizers that later trained MLK and Rosa Parks. And I think about the fact that as unions have lost more and more power in this country -and have become more and more demonized by the public (honestly, I never thought I'd see a day when teachers, firemen, and cops would be presented as bad guys because they are unionized, and portrayed as lazy and opportunistic when they have the most important jobs in our society)- that as these things have happened, workers' rights and conditions in this country have gone down as well, and very few of those workers have made the connection.